How long do Canadian passports need to be valid for snowbirds travelling to the U.S.?

Canadian passport valid for 6 months when travelling to the U.S.

A common question among Canadian snowbirds is how long your passport needs to be valid to travel to the United States.

The answer, unfortunately, isn’t as simple as it seems.

While the U.S. requires travellers from many countries to have a passport that is valid for 6 months beyond their intended stay in the United States, this requirement does not apply to Canadian citizens, who only need to have a valid Canadian passport for the duration of their stay in the U.S.

The exemption is valid whether you are entering the U.S. by air or by land.

You can find more details about these passport requirements for Canadians on the U.S. Customs and Border Protection website.

Be careful - The 6 month rule is sometimes applied!

However, we are hearing reports that some U.S. border patrol agents are unfamiliar with this exemption for Canadian citizens and are requiring passports to be valid for 6 months beyond their intended stay in the U.S. are

Accordingly, to avoid any issues at the border, we suggest that Canadian snowbirds travelling to the U.S. carry a passport that is valid for 6 months beyond their intended stay.

If your passport is not valid for 6 months beyond your intended stay and you are detained at the border for this reason, you can politely point your U.S. border patrol agent to the following two links on the U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency website:

While we can’t guarantee this will resolve your issue, it may help.